CoronaVirus has spread like a wildfire in approximately 140 countries across the globe now and the need of the hour is to protect oneself, friends & family. Amidst the viral panic, we try to answer some questions for you.
1. What is Corona Virus/Covid-19?
Coronavirus is an extremely common reason behind colds and other upper respiratory infections. COVID-19, short for “coronavirus disease 2019,” is the official name given by the World Health Organization to the illness caused by this newly identified coronavirus.
2. What are the symptoms of Covid-19?
Some individuals infected with the virus have no symptoms. When the virus does cause symptoms, the most common ones include low-grade fever, body aches, coughing, nasal congestion, runny nose, and sore throat. But COVID-19 can sometimes give rise to more severe symptoms like high fever, severe cough, and shortness of breath, which frequently indicates pneumonia.
Since this coronavirus has just been discovered, the time from experience of symptom onset (known since the incubation period) for most of us has yet to be determined. Found on current information, symptoms could appear three days to 13 days later. Recently published research found that typically, the incubation period is about five days.
3. How does CoronaVirus spread?
Coronavirus is a disease that is thought to spread from person to person. This may happen between folks who are in close connection with one another. Droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes may land in the mouths or noses of folks who are nearby, or possibly be inhaled to their lungs.
Coronavirus also can spread from connection with infected surfaces or objects. For instance, an individual will get COVID-19 by touching a floor or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.
4. What can I do to prevent myself and others from getting coronavirus?
The following actions help prevent the spread of COVID-19, as well as other coronaviruses and influenza:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
5. How can I prepare myself and family for possible quarantine or isolation?
Try to plan in advance for a possible outbreak to avoid last minute panic.
Like, if you have an outbreak in your community, you might not be able to go to a shop, or stores might be out of supplies, therefore it is going to be important for you to have extra supplies on hand.
Talk to family members and loved ones about how they’d be looked after if they got sick, or what you will need to care for them in your home.
Consider everything you might do if your child’s school or daycare shuts down, or if you want to or are asked to work from home.
Stay up to date with reliable news resources, like the website of the local health department. If your town or neighborhood has a website or social media page, consider joining it to keep up with neighbors, information, and resources.
Try to stock at the least a 30-day supply of required prescriptions. Ensure you also store over-the-counter medications and other health supplies on hand.
Medical and health supplies
- prescription medications
- prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood-pressure monitoring equipment
- fever and pain medicine, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
- cough and cold medicines
- antidiarrheal medication
- fluids with electrolytes
- soap and alcohol-based hand sanitizer
- tissues, toilet paper, disposable diapers, tampons, sanitary napkins
- garbage bags
Consider keeping a two-week to 30-day supply of nonperishable food at home. These items can also come in handy in other types of emergencies, such as power outages or snowstorms.
- canned meats, fruits, vegetables, and soups
- frozen fruits, vegetables, and meat
- protein or fruit bars
- dry cereal, oatmeal, or granola
- peanut butter or nuts
- pasta, bread, rice, and other grains
- canned beans
- chicken broth, canned tomatoes, jarred pasta sauce
- oil for cooking
- flour, sugar
- coffee, tea, shelf-stable milk, canned juices
- bottled water
- canned or jarred baby food and formula
- pet food
- household supplies like laundry detergent, dish soap, and household cleaner.
7. What should I do if I feel sick?
First call your doctor or pediatrician for advice. If you do not have a health care provider and you are apprehensive that you or your youngster may have COVID-19, contact your local board of health. They are able to direct you to the very best place for evaluation and treatment in your area.
It’s best to not seek medical care in an emergency department until you have outward indications of severe illness. Severe symptoms include high or really low body temperature, shortness of breath, confusion, or feeling you could pass out.
Call the emergency department ahead of time to inform the medical staff that you are coming, to allow them to be prepared for your arrival.
Click here to know the emergency contact or testing centre in your state.
8. If a loved one gets sick, how can I care for them?
You should take many of the same precautions as you would if you were caring for someone with the flu:
- Stay in another room or be separated from anyone as much as possible. Use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if available.
- Ensure that shared spaces in the home have good airflow. Start an air conditioner or open a window.
- Wash the hands often with soap and water for at the least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains 60 to 95% alcohol, covering all surfaces of the hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed or unclean hands.
- You and the individual should wear a face mask if you should be in the exact same room.
- Wear a disposable face mask and gloves when you touch or have contact with the individual’s blood, stool, or body fluids, such as saliva, sputum, nasal mucus, vomit, urine.
- Dispose off disposable face masks and gloves after using them. Do not reuse.
- First remove and dispose of gloves. Then, immediately clean both hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Next, remove and dispose of the face mask, and immediately clean both hands again with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Do not share household items such as dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with the person who is sick. After the individual uses these items, wash them thoroughly.
- Clean all “high-touch” surfaces, such as counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables, every day. Also, clean any surfaces which could have blood, stool, or body fluids on them. Use a household cleaning spray or wipe.
- Wash laundry thoroughly.
- Promptly remove and wash clothes or bedding that have blood, stool, or body fluids on them.
- Wear disposable gloves while handling soiled items and keep soiled items away from your body. Clean your hands immediately after removing your gloves.
- Place all used disposable gloves, face masks, and other contaminated items in a lined container before disposing of them with other household waste. Clean your hands (with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer) immediately after handling these items.
9. What do phrases like "community spread" and "social distancing" mean?
Community spread (community transmission): occurs when people have been infected without any knowledge of contact with someone who has the same infection.
Contact tracing: a process that begins with identifying everyone a person diagnosed with a given illness (in this case COVID-19) has been in contact with since they became contagious. The contacts are notified that they are at risk, and may include those who share the person’s home, as well as people who were in the same place around the same time as the person with COVID-19 — a school, office, restaurant, or doctor’s office, for example. Contacts may be quarantined or asked to isolate themselves if they start to experience symptoms, and are more likely to be tested for coronavirus if they begin to experience symptoms.
Containment: refers to limiting the spread of an illness. Because no vaccines exist to prevent COVID-19 and no specific therapies exist to treat it, containment is done using public health interventions. These may include identifying and isolating those who are ill, and tracking down anyone they have had contact with and possibly placing them under quarantine.
Epidemic: a disease outbreak in a community or region
Flattening the curve: describes the epidemic curve, a statistical chart used to visualize the number of new cases over a given time frame during a disease outbreak. Flattening the curve is shorthand for implementing mitigation strategies to slow things down, in order that fewer new cases develop over an extended amount of time. This increases the chances that hospitals and other healthcare facilities will soon be equipped to take care of any influx of patients.
Incubation period: the period of time between exposure to an infection and when symptoms begin
Isolation: the separation of people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick
Mitigation: identifies steps taken to limit the impact of an illness. Because no vaccines exist to avoid COVID-19 and no specific therapies exist to treat it, mitigation strategies may include frequent and thorough handwashing, not touching see your face, staying from folks who are sick, social distancing, avoiding large gatherings, and regularly cleaning frequently touched surfaces and objects in the home, in schools, at the office, and in other settings.
Pandemic: a disease outbreak affecting large populations or a whole region, country, or continent
Presumptive positive test result: a test for the virus that triggers COVID-19, performed with a local or state health laboratory, is considered “presumptive” before result is confirmed by the CDC. While awaiting confirmation, people who have a presumptive positive test result will be considered to be infected.
Quarantine: separates and restricts the movement of individuals who have a contagious disease, have symptoms which are in keeping with the condition, or were subjected to a contagious disease, to see when they become sick.
Social distancing: refers to actions taken to prevent or slow down the spread of a contagious disease. For a person, it refers to maintaining enough distance between yourself and another individual to lessen the risk of breathing in droplets which are produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. In a residential area, social distancing measures may include limiting or cancelling large gatherings of people.
Click here to know the emergency contact or testing centre in your state.
Track realtime global data on COVID-19 here.
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